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Hibiscus: plant and properties

Hibiscus: plant and properties

Hibiscus, scientifically, and similarly Hibiscus, belongs to the genus of Malvaceae and it does not indicate a single plant but about 300. Among small trees, shrubs and herbaceous plants, there are so many varieties that with this name give us almost always wonderful flowers.

The name derives from the Greek, probably a doctor decided it, Dioscorides, in the 1st century AD.Hibiscus however, he is originally from Asia Minor, he was introduced to us Ghislain de Busbeck, a Flemish ambassador who stayed in Istanbul, at the court of Suleiman the Magnificent, also dedicating himself to studying botany and sending various specimens to the Netherlands which were then widespread on the continent and reached our times.

Hibiscus: plant

Today it also grows quietly in Europe even though it is native to the temperate areas of Asia. It is present, always imported, also in North America and in tropical areas where it has developed various species that even reach 2 meters.

Just in Central America, for example, some Hibiscus coming from China crossed with other native Hawaiians have given rise to spectacular plants for size and colors, even those now widespread in Australia and New Zealand are no joke. In North America, originating in those lands, there are theHibiscus militaris, with large bell-shaped flowers, pink-cream, and theHibiscus moscheutos, with red, pink, white, yellow and orange flowers.

We come to Italy: in the Peninsula to speak of Hibiscus it means to speak of Hibiscus syriacus, ornamental shrub type with deciduous leaves with expected flowering from July to October, very common in cultivation in gardens and flower beds.

Red hibiscus

Remaining on our national territory we also find Red hibiscus and particularly beautiful. In addition to three spontaneous species spread from North to South, in the Center, especially near escarpments or river banks, we find theHibiscus roseus. It is recognized because it is a beautiful plant with tall, overgrown stems hibiscus flowers bright pink, almost red.

Also on the red there is the widespread Marsh hibiscus: it is a herbaceous plant with erect stems (80-150 cm) that throughout the summer produces numerous funnel-shaped flowers, 15-20 cm wide, of white or pink color, but there are some with intense red flowers. They are hybrid species.

Hibiscus: properties

The pharmacological properties ofHibiscus for some time: it is antiseptic, astringent, emollient, digestive, diuretic, purgative, cooling, calming, stomachic and tonic. There is nothing to discard, all parts of the plant are useful. The leaves are emollient, diuretic, cooling and sedative, while the petals, seeds and ripe calyxes have the diuretic properties and against scurvy as are fruits. The roots, on the other hand, are very bitter, have remarkable emollient qualities and allow the cough to pass.

Hibiscus flowers are good for the hair in the form of a shampoo, their extract is also the basis for treatment against liver disorders and high blood pressure. There are those who claim that theHibiscus is aphrodisiac, all to be verified, but no one has denied it 100% so far.

The hibiscus, so beautiful, cannot fail to have an ornamental use as well: theHibiscus syriacus, with the summer flowering of white, pink, purple and lilac flowers, it is sought after to give color in gardens, as well as on terraces or in the form of isolated saplings and hedges. Me too'Hibiscus rosa-sinensis, with bright red funnel-shaped flowers, which sprout one at a time from spring to summer, it is often a guest of our gardens but only if there is a mild climate. In cold weather it prefers the vase.

We also find hibiscus in the kitchen: fromHibiscus sabdariffa you get the karkadé with which the well-known herbal teas and the less known jams are made, as well as the fruits ofHibiscus esculentus they are used as a vegetable, in the world, where it is indicated with the names of Okra, Okra or Bamja. Finally, even if it sounds strange, there is a species used in the paper industry because it is rich in cellulose:Hibiscus cannabinus.

Hibiscus: meaning

Beautiful, but not only beautiful, the flower is rich in meaning in some cultures that are geographically distant from us. In Polynesia, for example, the girls wear it in their hair, but the boys place a flower on their right ear to show that they are engaged, on the left if they are "free" and looking for a partner.

Since it is generally about delicate and very light flowers, in the case of Hibiscus, and with a very short duration, even a single day, if given as a gift, they become the symbol of lightning-fast and fleeting beauty. In the nineteenth century, the romantics often used it: donating a Hibiscus to the beloved it meant "you are beautiful". The white flower enhances loyalty, the red the patience of the suitor, while the changing colors are instead a sign of rejection, the blood red, dramatic: it is a "wound to the heart".

Hibiscus: how to grow it

The Hibiscus they are plants to be grown in sunny and warm, sufficiently humid locations. They are not demanding for the type of soil, as long as it is fertile and fresh, then there is theHibiscus syriacus which, reckless, resists well even to periods of drought and cold but requires frequent pruning to remain a bush. Even before winter, pruning is recommended to give the plant strength. Made the flowers, theHibiscus it produces much less beautiful fruits: large semi-woody, oval capsules, with precious seeds inside.

The feasibility varies from species to species but thehibiscus it can be grown in pots, but it must be repotted every 2-4 years and fertilized with a fertilizer that is rich in potassium, to favor flowering. Let's also ensure abundant and regular watering in the summer but spaced out in the winter.

Hibiscus tea infused

We mentioned the use of hibiscus in herbal medicine in the form of herbal tea. Notes are his refreshing, thirst-quenching, laxative, diuretic, vitaminizing, angioprotective and anti-inflammatory properties. It is often associated, in mixtures, with other magical plants including Mallow, Horse Chestnut, Calendula and Blueberry. Or it remains pure karkadé, with a strong and charged flavor, bright red, decisive, to try with these dried Hibiscus flowers to prepare infusions with the colander. It makes a tea to drink both hot and cold, recommended with a touch of sugar or honey. It is a fabulous thirst quencher.

Hibiscus pack against hair loss

Some organic acids contained in Hibiscus make it very effective and powerful even as a base for cosmetic treatments. Especially to prevent hair loss and to keep it soft and untangled, strong and shiny. Try it for yourself with this Fall arrest pack strengthening and also reflecting.

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Video: Everything You Need to Know About the Trendiest New Health Drink Hibiscus Tea (October 2021).