La Maddalena National Park, a protected area that not all of us know even though La Maddalena itself is a well-known name and on the lips of many. This one we are about to visit is the first national park in Sardinia, the only one in Italy consisting of the whole territory of a single municipality. There Mediterranean bush that welcomes us hides precious treasures of both marine and terrestrial fauna, with many endemic species, rare and to be protected.
Archipelago of La Maddalena
The La Maddalena National Park was established in 1994 but in reality its managing body is officially invested with its role by a decree law of 1996, it is a geomarine park which extends without being fussy, both on land and sea for a total of about 18,000 hectares. Specifically, there are 5,134 hectares of land surface and 13,000 hectares of sea surface, with 180 km of coastline to be admired.
The entire marine area ofArchipelago of La Maddalena it is protected by this park which includes islands and islets all belonging to the Municipality of La Maddalena. Further sign of how precious this is La Maddalena National Park is the fact that almost all of its territory is considered a site of community interest (SIC) and it is not a recognition that is given by chance: here there are more 700 plant entities, in which we find over 50 endemic species representing 25% of those of the whole of Sardinia.
La Maddalena Archipelago National Park: video
To move easily from land to sea and vice versa, here is a video that shows us a preview of the wonders that await us in the La Maddalena National Park.
La Maddalena Archipelago National Park: flora
Needless to say, the flora of the La Maddalena National Park, the one we find on the islands is strongly influenced by the presence of the wind but also of the strong sun which creates an arid climate. The Mediterranean scrub predominates, and in it the most present plants are juniper, strawberry tree, phillyrea, mastic, myrtle, heather, calicotome, cistus and euphorbia.
However, there is no need to be bored in La Maddalena National Park because going down towards the coast, the vegetation becomes lower, it is no longer a "scrub" but a garrigue. The fact is that in this area that is more marine than terrestrial, there are still many exclusive or rare endemic species to look for and know.
Particular are also plant assemblies such as the low formations of Artemisia densiflora in Razzoli, a unique spectacle, offered only by La Maddalena National Park as well as i ginepreti to Juniperus phoenicea of Spargi, Caprera, Budelli, Santa Maria.
La Maddalena Archipelago National Park: terrestrial fauna
The La Maddalena National Park it is known to be among the most important areas for vertebrate fauna - Amphibians, Reptiles, Birds, Mammals - but in particular we must focus on birds, on the marine nesting ones that make a fixed stop. In particular, in fact, this precious gathering of small islands located between Sardinia and Corsica is an important stop for the trans-Saharan migratory birds.
Among the breeding species in the La Maddalena National Park we also find the Corsican gull which is the only species of endemic gull in the Mediterranean, and then there is also the Mediterranean subspecies of the Shag. Also in these areas it should be noted the presence of the only population of the common tern in the Mediterranean Sea, contrary to what the name seems to say, this bird is uncommon, but even of international importance.
All other species we find in the La Maddalena Archipelago National Park except the Herring gull they are protected as "wild birds". In addition to the animals with wings, the reptiles we can meet also deserve a few lines, many belong to endemic species of the Sardinian-Corsican system or of those threatened worldwide. Less brilliant note the presence of wild boars which, as often happens, can create some problems.
La Maddalena Archipelago National Park: marine fauna
From land, let's dive into the water to discover the marine fauna of La Maddalena Archipelago National Park composed mostly of protected invertebrates including the Nacchera (Pinna nobilis) and the Patella ferruginea: these are rather large molluscs that are in danger of disappearing.
The area we are virtually and curiously visiting is one of the most interesting of all Mediterranean as regards the marine fauna, we also owe this to the brown groupers (Epinephelus marginatus) which are sedentary just like the corvine (Sciaena umbra). Also for the category of marine mammals and large cartilaginous fish, the La Maddalena Archipelago National Park has its interesting sightings: they also concern fin whales, sperm whales, and then bottlenose dolphins and dolphins coastal. Nice sea turtles, often known as Caretta caretta, which rest on the surface of the water, waiting for our arrival.
La Maddalena Archipelago National Park: interactive map
To help us arrive and visit the La Maddalena Archipelago National Park here is an interactive map. A bit of islands and a lot of sea, for a unique natural immersion in the world.
Archipelago of La Maddalena National Park: timetables
In the area dedicated to environmental education on the official website of this park, you can find the addresses and times of the various centers including museums and laboratories. On the same site also in-depth information on the history of the park, its constitution and ongoing projects. Before visiting the La Maddalena Archipelago National Park it is worthwhile to visit the site in order not to miss precious green and navy deals.
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