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Sansevieria: plant and its cultivation

Sansevieria: plant and its cultivation

Sansevieria, a houseplant for us who do not live in in subtropical areas, to be cultivated without too much difficulty but with a lot of love. There are numerous varieties, with different sizes so that both the villa and the studio apartment can accommodate one.

Sansevieria: the plant

Sansevieria is a plant evergreen from southern Africa and Western and Asia, there are about 60 species whose height can vary from 15 cm up to 2 meters, while the width, when they are in the maturity phase, ranges from 15 cm to 60.

This "succulent" looks like a dense basket of fleshy and rather long leaves. The color varies as the size, type by type, usually dark green prevails but often the leaves are streaked with light green and silver. The shape of the Sansevieria is rosette or erect.

In the first case, the plant has a fairly slow growth, takes it slow, and almost never reaches an exaggerated size. In the case of the Sansevieria with leaves that grow upright, the growth rate becomes faster, in fact the adult plants even reach one and a half meters in height. Cases of. Are rare but exist 2 meters.

Sansevieria: ownership

Simple and "docile", Sansevieria does not demand too much care, it must be watched and monitored but it does not ask for strange gardening operations, which only super green thumbs with masters can do. Among the diseases that afflict it there is root rot: more than a disease it is a problem that we as owners can directly stem, always being careful not to wet the plant too much and not to create stagnation in the pot.

Another feature of the Sansevieria it is his unconditional love for the light, but the difficult endurance of the direct sun. For this we must carefully study the right location in our apartment so that it is not affected by the rays but not even in the shade or in the cold.

In a climate like ours, Italian, Sansevieria is fine at home, but in the summer we can safely let them take a breath of fresh air either in the garden or on the balcony, withdrawing it in winter. In winter above all, but it is also true for the other seasons, let's not overdo it with watering: it is used to subtropical and desert climates and is fine this way.

Sansevieria Trifasciata

There Sansevieria Trifasciata it is a species that we can most frequently meet in our one, in the house of friends, or in our house. It is the one that is better off and the one with which we in turn feel safer because it is in good health by default.

Given its abundant distribution, they exist many cultivars of different sizes, from dwarfs to large ones, up to specimens that exceed one and a half meters. Then you have to buy a house that has in which our Sansevieria has a room of its own. The color of the Trifasciata, beyond the size, h dark green leaves embellished with lateral cream and silver streaks.

Sansevieria Cylindrica

There Cylindrical is a variety of this plant that requires large pots, but it is not a whim: it can reach up to one meter in height and has need space to develop roots and stand by feeding properly.

As the name suggests, this one Sansevieria it has cylindrical leaves that are aesthetically pleasing, which wrap around themselves, dark green in color with lighter stripes in the horizontal direction.

Sansevieria Velvet 'Moonshine'

In over 60 species of Sansevieria that exist, there are large ones and small ones, but also famous ones and other rarer ones. The differences are also noticeable in the posture and in the color of the leaves, anyone who wants one of these plants has a greedy freedom to choose the one that best suits their style.

Among the horticultural varieties of Sansevieria there is, for example, the Moonshine, with light green leaves laterally marked by dark green lines. Another interesting one is the 'Laurentii' which has bands of a rather bright intense yellow and hard to miss, but is very popular and is one of the most common varieties in the West.

Among the giants, then, the S. Zeylanica: it reaches 2 meters in height and shows triangular rosette leaves of dark gray color with darker or lighter streaks that develop horizontally.

Sansevieria Nana

From the giant Zeylanica, let's move on to the varieties of Sansevieria smaller if not dwarf. There Hallii it is one of these, in fact it does not exceed 30 cm in height and fits well in small pots or in compositions, side by side with other plants of its size. It's a Sanseveria rosette type and undoubtedly makes its shape, it develops in a spiral, with a dark green base and fine horizontal silver streaks.

There Sanseviera liberica it is not so small but rarely exceeds 90 cm, its rigid leaves are dark green but with light bands and often the outline that tends to red. Very cool. The third dwarf is the S. 'Hanii' which even measures 15 cm, it is also a rosette and is almost always set in compositions of several plants. There is also a version with silver bands: the 'Silver Hanii '.

Sansevieria: flower

We have been silent about it so far, but there Sansevieria in summer also gives us a flower. From the base of the leaves, in fact, we will see two or three long white spikes grow which will be covered with very small but intensely fragrant greenish-white flowers. It is not necessary to prune the plant to get more flowers or more fragrant flowersindeed, cutting interventions are to be limited, just wait for the flowering period, from March to July. In autumn the Sansevieria goes into "vegetative rest" until February, then it is time of repotting and the cycle continues.

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