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Kalanchoe - care and cultivation

Kalanchoe - care and cultivation

Kalanchoe, famous as a plant since the early years in which it was introduced on the market, and you have to go back to the early 1900s. This is essentially because it is a beautiful plant, it has flowers that bring joy. It comes to us from Africa, from Madagascar, but today we find it in many other areas, including Europe.

Kalanchoe daigremontiana

More than for flowers, this variety is known for its anti-inflammatory properties. There are also some experts who believe it can also have beneficial effects on cancer patients but at the moment it is not yet proven.

In Italy this typology is still difficult to find, it is mainly used in South America, it is recognized for its long leaves with brown spots, often enriched by small shoots. The K. Daigremontiana can even reach one and a half meters in height.

It can be useful: kalanchoe does not bloom

Kalanchoe blossfeldiana

This variety does not exceed 30-40 cm in height and its leaves are characterized by toothed margins. It produces pleasantly shaped flowers, in spring, tube-shaped, of various colors. The most frequent colors are yellow, white, orange or red. Sometimes the nurserymen, to sell more, force it to bloom even in winter.

Kalanchoe - the plant

Given these two varieties, we have received some clues but it is difficult to provide one general description of the kalanchoe since there are at least 120 different species. This plant is also called calancola, belongs to the Crossulaceae family and is a succulent, its name is not famous but in truth it is quite widespread. Unfortunately, it still happens that you buy one plant without learning its name.

Kalanchoe - care

If it is in the sun, it is fine, even if the rays reach it directly. Indeed, that is the best way to obtain abundant and lasting flowering. The secret is to place it southward, in the garden or on a window sill.

We avoid submitting the kalanchoe at temperatures below 10 degrees, so if we live in areas where winter is harsh, it is better to shelter them when the first cold begins. Those who want to plant a kalanchoe from seedlings can buy a pack of 20 online for less than 15 euros.

Kalanchoe pink

There Kalanchoe it is not among the most common and for this reason it is particularly appreciated. There are usually orange, red or yellow ones, the pink is a tint which can create lines on a contrasting base. There are however, if you look hard, some sorts of Kalanchoe pink.

External Kalanchoe

If we want to make sure we cultivate one Kalanchoe in the garden so that it lasts a long time, it is better to pay attention to some "requests" that the plant makes of us. For example, it prefers moist, peat-rich, well-drained soil and the commitment on our part to water the plant at least once a week, except in winter when we can also let a twenty days between one watering and the other.

If we want to put the Kalanchoe outdoors, it is not necessary to plant it in the ground but we can arrange it in a pot of modest size without it suffering from it.

Kalanchoe: meaning

Give a gift plant of this species carries with it a message very welcome: good wishes for the house. In addition, the bright colors of its flowers are ideal for cheering up and reviving environments, therefore they represent a precious gift, especially for those who do not have a lot of time to devote to plants.

Kalanchoe: flowering

This plant blooms by its nature in spring, although sometimes nurserymen make forcing to give us flowers in other seasons, for example in winter. Being one short-day plant, it blooms when the days get shorter, so it doesn't struggle to produce flowers even in winter.

Kalanchoe: diseases

There are diseases that frequently affect this succulent plant and parasites that are its "sworn" enemies. First of all there is the floury cochineal, an animal that covers the leaves with soft spots lighter than the usual green, weakening them. There is also the Puccinia mushroom and the Phytophthora mushroom, and then the Botrytis mushroom which covers the leaves with mold.

Kalanchoe: pruning

The time to put your hand to Kalanchoe it is what follows the flowering, to clean the plant of dried leaves and flowers. It is important for leave room for the new ones to come and avoid that mold or too humid areas are created which also damage the leaves that remain alive.

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Video: Kalanchoe Care and Propagation. Winter Flower (November 2021).