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Hydroculture, how to get started

Hydroculture, how to get started

Hydroculture, how to get started: advice on pots for hydroculture and which are the most suitable plants. Tips to start growing with hydroculture.

L'hydrocultureundoubtedly eliminates the problem of plant irrigation, however it requires a little more effort in the start-up phase.

Hydroculture, what is it

L'hydrocultureit is an agricultural technique to be practiced even at home. This technique involves the use of water and expanded clay instead of the classic soil.

The water and expanded clay will act as a support for the root system together with a particular double pot. In this article we will analyze, one by one, the elements necessary to apply thehydroculture at home.

Hydroculture, what is needed

What do you need for growing plants at home with hydroculture? Four simple elements such as: double pot, expanded clay, water and suitable plants.

Clay

The soil absorbs water well but the expanded clay does it even better! The characteristic of this substrate, in fact, is that it absorbs much more water than the soil and releases it slowly. In addition, it does not compact, it does not dry out, it can support the plant well and dirty less.

With a significant advantage, with expanded clay the risk of fungal attacks and other parasites is lowered.

Jars for hydroculture

THEpots for hydrocultureare containers composed of adouble vase. It is a vase that has an internal basket designed to accommodate the roots and to be filled with expanded clay.

The “outer vessel” must contain water, expanded clay and a float that will let you know when it's time to top up.

DIY hydroculture jar

To get an idea of ​​what the pots should be like, you can look at the photos of the Amazon article "pots for hydroculture". I do not recommend purchasing because these are vases that can also be built with do-it-yourself, just stack a smaller pot into a larger one and pierce the bottom of the smaller one, "copying" more or less the arrangement of the holes you see in the hydroculture pots sold on Amazon.

When purchasing thevase for hydrocultureor when you are making aDIY vase, try not to be too generous with the size!

Pipantas in hydroponics have a very slow development, so there will be a lot of repottingrare.

Plants suitable for hydroculture

In order not to run the risk of letting the plant deteriorate, it is better to choose suitable species. Even better if you start atgrowing plants with hydroponics at homechoosing water-rooted cuttings.

Water-rooted cuttings will have less trouble adapting to an expanded clay substrate that is predominantly water!

There are many plants suitable for hydroculture. Those who love spices can grow rosemary starting from the cutting (cutting in water of rosemary). The most suitable plants for hydroculture are:

  • Ficus
  • Calathea
  • Pothos
  • Dracaena
  • Philodendron

You can choose all the leaf plants of tropical origin (including the orchid). You can also choose plants with fast-growing root systems.

Among the flowering plants, in addition to the orchid, you can also grow Hibiscus, Spathiphyllum, Kalanchoe, Anthurium or Saintpaulia with hydroponics at home.

Succulents with hydroculture

Who intendscultivating succulents with hydroculturehe should abandon that. Succulents do not tolerate excessive humidity. The only CAM plants that can be grown with hydroculture are:

  • Aloe
  • Crassulaceae
  • Orchids

Yep, orchids are CAM Plants!

Orchid, hydroculture

The orchid is suitable for hydroculture! Indeed, theorchidsthey are plantsepiphytes(in nature they develop and live on other plants) so they adapt well to humid environments.

Water and nutrients

The plant will be fertilized as usual. To start, it is better to use distilled water and avoid "tap water" when it is too hard.

Add fertilizer suitable for the plant to be grown at the time of the first planting.


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Photo: ilgiardinodibama.it


Video: How To Start Seedlings For Hydroponic and The Importance of Proper Lighting (October 2021).